History of Propolis
The History of Propolis: From Ancient Cultures to Modern Medicine
Propolis is a fascinating substance with a long and varied history. It is often referred to as "bee resin" and is a natural product made by bees. The history of propolis goes back thousands of years and can be found in many cultures and traditions around the world.
The use of propolis can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where it was used as a medicinal substance and in the embalming of mummies. The ancient Greeks also valued propolis and called it "pro" (before) and "polis" (city) as it was used by bees to seal small openings and cracks in their hives, to ensure the stability of their structures and to protect the colony from bacteria and fungi.
In Ancient Greece and in Roman medicine, propolis was particularly valued for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. The indigenous population of South America and other regions also used propolis in their traditional medicine. Propolis was also used in folk medicine during the Middle Ages as a remedy for various ailments. It was considered a precious natural product and was often mentioned in herbal books and medical writings.
The applications known to us historically cover a wide variety of areas, such as
- Treatment of infections, skin problems, inflammations;
- for respiratory and gastrointestinal problems;
- to strengthen the immune system;
- in oral hygiene;
- to heal wounds.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, propolis gained increasing interest in modern medicine and the naturopathic movement. Research confirmed that propolis does indeed have antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It has been successfully used to support the immune system and treat various health problems.
Nowadays, propolis is available on the market in various forms, including tinctures, ointments, capsules, and lozenges. It is used as a dietary supplement, natural remedy and in the cosmetics industry.
Although propolis has a long tradition in folk medicine and its health benefits are well documented, it is important to note that it may not be suitable for everyone. People with allergies to bee products should avoid consuming or applying propolis topically.
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